The gerund of a verb will frequently be used in your language studies. Often referred as the present participial, the gerund is used to describe events that are occurring simultaneously in the present tense. Hence, it is more commonly regarded as the –ing form.

There will always be two verbs when using the present participial–a verb meaning to be and the gerund form of the ongoing action. The present participial will ALWAYS use the verb ESTAR. 

What we want to acheive are sentences in the following format:

I am speaking Spanish.

She is writing a book.

They are studying for the exam.

The first step is to conjugate the verb to be ( I am, She is, They are, etc.)

Recall the conjugations of ESTAR.

Singular Plural
1st estoy estamos
2nd estás estáis
3rd está están

Once ESTAR is used correctly we need to change the action verb to the gerund form. The process is simple–drop the -ar, -er, or -ir, and add the following endings.

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
-ando -iendo -iendo

Notice -ir and -er share the same endings.

Put it all together and you can create the gerund form of any regular verb.

I am speaking Spanish. > Yo estoy hablando Español.

She is writing a book. > Ella está escribiendo un libro.

They are studying for the exam. > Ellos están estudiando para el examen.

 

more info to come soon. 1-27-2016